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Why does cigarette smoking have such a negative effect on fertility?

Cigarette smoking is injurious to your health. It does not matter if the smoke is active or passive.  It is a well established fact that smoking causes damage to heart, lungs and blood vessels.

It also has a negative effect on fertility of both men and women.

Up to 13% of infertility is caused by smoking cigarettes.

But sadly nearly 30% of women and 35% of men who are capable of reproducing smoke cigarettes.

 



Sperm count is reduced in men who smoke.

It has also been noticed that sperm shape and functions are abnormal in men who smoke

As far as women smokers are concerned, research results have shown that smoking has an adverse impact on fertility.  A female smoker takes more time to conceive than a woman who does not smoke.

Studies also show that smoking damages woman’s ovaries.

It also accelerates the loss of eggs and reproductive function.

Smoking advances the time of menopause by several years.  There are cases where it is observed that components in the smoke interfered with the ability of cells in the ovary to make estrogen.  The mothers egg will be vulnerable to genetic abnormalities due to this.

Scientific studies also associate smoking with increased risk of miscarriage.  Even if the baby is born, chances are more that it will be either a premature birth or the baby will be underweight.

Studies also show that there are more chromosomal abnormalities in the eggs exposed to nicotine.  Smokers have lower numbers of follicles when stimulated for In Vitro Fertilization.

Chances of an IVF pregnancy was 2.7 times higher for a non smoker compared to smoker

While men and women are adversely affected smoking, it is clear that women are more vulnerable and should take greater care.  However prospective mothers need to know more about the risks of smoking.  A survey conducted with 388 female employees in a Connecticut hospital shockingly revealed that majority of them, including female health care providers, were unfamiliar with the reproductive risks associated with smoking!

 

Pill to quit smoking increases risk of heart attack by 72 pc

A Johns Hopkins study led by an Indian origin scientist has suggested that healthy, middle-aged smokers who take the most popular anti-smoking drug on the market have a 72 per cent increased risk of being hospitalized with a heart attack or other serious heart problems compared to those taking a placebo.

"People want to quit smoking to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease but in this case they're taking a drug that increases the risk for the very problems they're trying to avoid," said Sonal Singh, an assistant professor of general internal medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the lead author of the research.

In the study, Singh and his colleagues reviewed and analyzed 14 double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trials involving more than 8,200 healthy people who received either varenicline (made by Pfizer and sold in the US under the brand-name Chantix) or a placebo. Whereas the number of people who died in each group was the same (seven), the increased risk of a major harmful cardiovascular event requiring hospitalization such as a heart attack or arrhythmia was 72 per cent in the varenicline arms.

Singh's study found that varenicline substantially increased the risk of a serious cardiovascular event even among smokers without heart disease.

"I think our new research shifts the risk-benefit profile of varenicline," said Singh.

"People should be concerned. They don't need Chantix to quit and this is another reason to consider avoiding Chantix altogether," added Singh.

The study has been described in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

 

Want to Quit Smoking? ...It can take up to FIVE years and seven attempts!

Giving up cigarettes is a very difficult and stressful time - especially during the first week when your withdrawal symptoms and cravings are at their strongest.

An average smoker can take up to five years and seven attempts to give up cigarettes.

Researchers studying over 3,000 smokers and ex-smokers found most quit over fears for their long-term health.


Other reasons include their smoking being a turn-off to the opposite sex, struggling with breath, and 'being judged'.

To survive the first few days, it's helpful to have a quit smoking buddy who can help and encourage you when temptation hits as it's much harder to quit "quitting" when your buddies know you're trying to stop smoking.

The craving for a cigarette only lasts a couple of minutes so don't give in - just focus your attention elsewhere.

Write a list of all the reasons why you want to give up smoking. Photocopy it and pin it up in every room in the house and at work, so that you're constantly reminded

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Quitting Smoking – The Benefits Of Stopping The Addiction

Smoking is one of the biggest causes of heart disease and lung cancer. If you know what smoking can do to your body it should give you a bigger reason of why you should kick the habit. Most smokers understand that smoking is bad for their health. However, quitting smoking is something that a lot of these smokers do not want any part of.

Many smokers are unaware of what substances are actually put into those small little cigarettes. Nicotine is one of the main ingredients found inside of one of the circular tubes. Studies have shown that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. A person with a smoking problem is not only addicted to the substance in a physical sense, but they are also addicted to it in a mental and emotional sense as well.

One of the major drawbacks that smokers tend to complain about whenever someone mentions quitting to them is the withdrawal symptoms that accompany practicing this feat. Some of the common withdrawal symptoms that smokers experience are increased irritability, nausea, weight gain, fatigue and lack of concentration. These symptoms may seem severe to some people, but they can be dealt with.

Believe it or not, after you quit smoking there are some immediate changes that occur within your body. Twenty minutes after smoking your last cigarette your blood pressure levels will equal out and your heart functions will begin reacting in the way that they are supposed to. After you have not had a cigarette for 24 hours the amount of carbon monoxide that was once in your body will immediately leave it.



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New Yorkers to be protected from secondhand smoking

A new law in New York City bans smoking in 43 square miles of parks, public plazas, beaches, and boardwalks in the city.

The law, which took effect Monday with a $50 fine attached, aims to protect New Yorkers from secondhand smoking in often elbow-to-elbow environments. But some health specialists question whether the smoke poses a serious danger in open spaces, and critics say the city is trampling on civil liberties.

“People who smoke have the right to do it,’’ said Shirley Scott, an ex-smoker visiting New York on Monday with her husband, who goes through three packs a day.

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